Bandura, A. (1977).  Self-efficacy: Toward a unifying theory of behavioral change.  Psychological Review, 8(2), 80-114.

Berendt, J., & Uhrich, S. (2016). Enemies with benefits: The dual role of rivalry in shaping sport fans’ identity. European Sport Management Quarterly.

Campbell, R. M., Aiken, D., & Kent, A. (2004).  Beyond BIRGing and CORFing: Continuing the exploration of fan behavior.  Sport Marketing Quarterly, 13, 151-157.

Chang, L. W., Krosch, A. R., & Cikara, M. (2016). Effects of intergroup threat on mind, brain, and behavior. Current Opinion in Psychology, 11, 69-73.

Cialdini, R. B., Borden, R. J., Thorne, A., Walker, M. R., Freeman, S., & Sloan, L. R. (1976).  Basking in reflected glory: Three (football) field studies.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 34, 366-375.

Cikara, M., Botninick, M. M., & Fiske, S. T. (2011).  Us versus them: Social identity shaped neural responses to intergroup competition and harm.  Psychological Science, 22, 306-313. doi: 10.1177/0956797610397667

Cikara, M., & Fiske, S. T. (2012).  Stereotypes and schadenfreude: Affective and physiological markers of pleasure at outgroup misfortunes.  Social Psychological and Personality Science, 3, 63-71. doi: 10.1177/1948550611409245

Dalakas, V., & Melancon, J. P. (2012).  Fan identification, Schadenfreude toward hated rivals, and the mediating effects of Importance of Winning Index (IWIN).  Journal of Services Marketing, 26, 51-59. doi: 10.1108/08876041211199724

Dalakas, V., Melancon, J. P., & Sreboth, T. (2015). A qualitative inquiry on schadenfreude by sport fans. Journal of Sport Behavior, 38(2), 161-179.

Deci, E. L. (1975). Intrinsic motivation. New York: Plenum.

Elsbach, K. D., & Bhattacharya, C. B. (2001).  Defining who you are by what you’re not: Organizational disidentification and the National Rifle Association.  Organization Science, 12(4), 393-413.

Ewing, M. T., Wagstaff, P. E., & Powell, I. H. (2013).  Brand rivalry and community conflict.  Journal of Business Research, 66, 4-12. doi:10.1016/j.jbusres.2011.07.017

Festinger, L. (1954). A theory of social comparison processes. Human Relations, 7, 117-140.

Funk, D. C., & James, J. (2001).  The psychological continuum model: A conceptual framework for understanding an individual’s psychological connection to sport.  Sport Management Review, 4(2), 119-150.

Funk, D. C., & James, J. (2006).  Consumer loyalty: The meaning of attachment in the development of sport team allegiance.  Journal of Sport Management, 20(2), 189-217.

Havard, C. T (2014). Glory Out of Reflected Failure: The examination of how rivalry affects sport fans. Sport Management Review, 17, 243-253. doi: 10.1016/j.smr.2013.09.002.

Havard, C. T. (2016). Rivalry among teams and conferences in intercollegiate athletics: Does a conference pride phenomenon exist? Journal of Contemporary Athletics, 10, 19-32.

Havard, C. T. & Eddy, T.  (2013). Qualitative assessment of rivalry and conference realignment in intercollegiate athletics.  Journal of Issues in Intercollegiate Athletics, 6, 216-235.

Havard, C. T., Eddy, T., & Ryan, T. D. (2016). Examining the impact of team identification and gender on rival perceptions and behavior of intercollegiate athletics fans. Journal of Applied Sport Management,, 8(2), 33-49. doi: 10.18666/JASM-2016-V8-I2-6444

Havard, C. T., & Ferrucci, P. (2017). They did what?!!  Measuring the influence of mediated messages on fan perceptions of the favorite and rival team.  Manuscript under review.

Havard, C. T., Gray, D. P., Gould, J., Sharp, L. A., & Schaffer, J. J. (2013).  Development and validation of the Sport Rivalry Fan Perception Scale (SRFPS).   Journal of Sport Behavior, 36, 45-65.

Havard, C. T., & Hutchinson, M. (2017). Investigating rivalry in professional sport. International Journal of Sport Management, 18, 422-440.

Havard, C. T., Inoue, Y., & Ryan, T. D. (2017). Effects of team identification and rival team perceptions on Glory Out of Reflected Failure. Manuscript under review.

Havard, C. T., & Reams. L. (2016). Investigating differences in fan rival perceptions between conferences in intercollegiate athletics. Journal of Sport Behavior, 39, 126-146.

Havard, C. T., & Reams, L. (2017). Examining differences among primary and secondary rivals: Are fan perceptions, behavioral, and consumption intentions influenced by degree of rivalry? Manuscript under review.

Havard, C. T., Reams, L., & Gray, D. P.  (2013). Perceptions of highly identified fans regarding rival teams in United States intercollegiate football and men’s basketball. International Journal of Sport Management and Marketing, 14, 116-132.

Havard, C. T., Shapiro, S. L., & Ridinger, L. L. (2016). Who’s our rival?  Investigating the influence of a new intercollegiate football program on rivalry perceptions. Journal of Sport Behavior, 39, 385-408.

Havard, C. T., Wann, D. L., & Grieve, F. G. (2017). Rivalry versus Hate: Measuring the influence of promotional titles and logos on fan rival perceptions. Manuscript under review.

Havard, C. T., Wann, D. L., & Ryan, T. D. (2013).  Investigating the impact of conference realignment on rivalry in intercollegiate athletics.  Sport Marketing Quarterly, 22(4), 224-234.

Havard, C. T., Wann, D. L., & Ryan, T. D. (forthcoming). I love to see them lose: Investigating fan perceptions and behaviors toward rival teams. In C. L. Wang’s (Ed.). Exploring the Rise of Fandom in Contemporary Consumer Culture. IGI Global.

Havard, C. T., Wann, D. L., & Ryan, T. D. (2017). Reinvestigating the impact of conference realignment on rivalry in intercollegiate athletics. Journal of Applied Sport Management, 9(2), 25-36.

Havard, C. T., Wann, D. L., Ryan, T. D., & O’Neal, N. (in press). Does time heal all wounds? A case study on rival perceptions before and after conference realignment. International Journal of Exercise Science.

Heider, F. (1958).  The psychology of interpersonal relations.  New York: Wiley. doi: 10.1037/10628-000

Kilduff, G. J. (2014). Driven to win: Rivalry, motivation, and performance. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 5, 944-952.

Kilduff, G. J., Elfenbein, H. A., & Staw, B. M. (2010).  The psychology of rivalry: A relationally dependent analysis of competition.  Academy of Management Journal, 53, 943-969. doi: 10.5465/AMJ.2010.54533171

Kilduff, G. J., Galinsky, A. D., Gallo, E., & Reade, J. J. (2016). Whatever it takes to win: Rivalry increases unethical behavior. Academy of Management Journal, 59, 1508-1534. doi: 10.5465/amj.2014.0545

Leach, C. W., & Spears, R. (2009).  Dejection at in-group defeat and schadenfreude toward second-and third-party out-groups.  Emotion, 9, 659-665. doi: 10.1037/a0016815

Leach, C. W., Spears, R., Branscombe, N. R., & Doosje, B. (2003).  Malicious pleasure: Schadenfreude at the suffering of another group.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84, 932-943. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.84.5.932

Lee, M. J. (1985).  From rivalry to hostility among sports fans.  Quest, 38-49.

Levine, M., Prosser, A., Evans, D., & Reicher, S. (2005).  Identity and emergency intervention: How social group membership and inclusiveness of group boundaries shape helping behavior.  Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 31, 343-353. doi: 10.1177/0146167204271651

Livingston, W. (2015, March 20). Tiger kickoff: The Battle Line: Manufacturing a rivalry. Columbia Missourian.

Maass, A., Salvi, D., Arcuri, L., & Semin, G. (1989). Language use in intergroup contexts: The linguistic intergroup bias. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57, 981-993. doi: 10.1037/0022-5314.57.6.891

Madrigal, R. (1995).  Cognitive and affective determinants of fan satisfaction with sporting event attendance.  Journal of Leisure Research, 27(3), 205-227.

Mahony, D. F., & Howard, D. R. (1998).  The impact of attitudes on the behavioral intentions of sport spectators.  International Sports Journal, 2, 96-110.

Mahony, D. F., & Moorman, A. M. (1999).  The impact of fan attitudes on intentions to watch professional basketball teams on television.  Sport Management Review, 2, 43-66. doi: 10.1016/S1441-3523(99)70089-6

Paul, R. J. (2003). Variation in NHL attendance: The impact of violence, soring, and regional rivalries. American Journal of Economics and Sociology, 62(2), 345-364.

Quintanar, S. M., Deck, C., Reyes, J. A., & Sarangi, S. (2015). You are close to your rival and everybody hates a winner: A study of rivalry in college football. Economic Inquiry, 53(4), 1908-1918. doi:10.1111/ecin.12215

Pradhan, S., Laraway, S., Havard, C. T., & Snycerski, S.  (2017). An extension to fan behavior: The introduction and initial measurement of Basking in Other’s Failure (BOFing), Cutting Off Other’s Failure (COOFing), Basking in Other’s Success (BOSing), and Cutting Off Other’s Success (COOSing). Manuscript under review.

Sanford, K., & Scott, F. (2016). Assessing the intensity of sport rivalries using data from secondary market transactions. Journal of Sports Economics, 17(2), 159-174. doi:10.1177/1527002514527112

Sherif, M. (1966). In common predicament. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Co.

Sherif, M., Harvey, O. J., White, B. J., Hood, W. R., & Sherif, C. W. (1961).  Intergroup conflict and cooperation: The Robber’s Cave experiment.  Norman, OK: The University of Oklahoma.

Smith, R. A., & Schwartz, N. (2003). Language, social comparison, and college football: Is your school less similar to the rival school than the rival school is to your school?

Snyder, C. R., & Fromkin, H. L. (1980).  Uniqueness: The human pursuit of difference.  New York: Plenum. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4684-3659-4

Snyder, C. R., Lassegard, M., & Ford, C. E. (1986).  Distancing after group success and failure: Basking in reflected glory and cutting off reflected failure.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51(2), 382-388. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.51.2.382

Spinda, J. S. W., & Havard, C. T. (2016). “I wouldn’t pick them to save my season”: The impact of rivalry on fantasy football. In N. D. Bowman, J. S. W. Spinda, and J. Sanderson (Eds.). Fantasy Sports and the Changing Sports Media Industry: Media, Players, and Society. Lexington Books.

Spinda, J. S. W., Wann, D. L., & Hardin, R. (2016). Attachment to sports conferences: An expanded model of points of attachment among professional, collegiate, and high school football fans. Communication & Sport, 4, 1-16. doi:101177/2167479515578262

Stephan, W. G., Ybarra, O., & Rios, K. (2016). Intergroup threat theory. In Nelson (ed). Handbook of prejudice, stereotyping, and discrimination. 255-278. New York: Psychology Press.

Sung, H., Mills, B. M., & Tainsky, S. (in press). From schadenfreude to mitfreude? Estimating viewership loss and rivalrous relationships in otherwise neutral markets. Sport Management Review.

Raney, A. A., & Kinnally, W. (2009). Examining perceived violence in an

enjoyment of televised rivalry sports contests. Mass Communication and Society, 12(3), 311-331.

Tajfel, H. (1974). Social identity and intergroup behavior. Social Science Information, 13(2), 65-93.

Tajfel, H., & Turner, J. (1979). An integrative theory of intergroup conflict. In W.G. Austin & S. Worchel (eds.),  The social psychology of intergroup relations, 33-48. Belmont, CA: Wadswroth, Inc.

Trail, G. T., Robinson, M. J., Dick, R. J., & Gillentine, A. J. (2003). Motives and points of attachment: Fans versus spectators in collegiate athletics. Sport Marketing Quarterly, 12(4), 217-227.

Triplett, N. (1898). The dynamongenic factors in pacemaking and competition. The American Journal of Psychology, 9(4), 507-533. doi:10.2307/1412188

Tyler, B. D., & Cobbs, J. B. (2015). Rival conceptions of rivalry: Why some competitions mean more than others. European Sport Management Quarterly, 15(2), 227-248. doi: 10.1080/16184742.2015.1010558

Tyler, B. D., & Cobbs, J. (2017). All rivals are not equal: Clarifying misrepresentations and discerning three core properties of rivalry. Journal of Sport Management, 31, 1-14.

Vanman, E. J. (2016) The role of empathy in intergroup relations. Current Opinion in Psychology, 11, 59-63.

Wann, D. L., & Branscombe, N. R. (1990).  Die-hard and fair-weather fans: Effects of identification of BIRGing and CORFing tendencies.  Journal of Sport and Social Issues, 14, 103-117. doi: 10.1177/019372359001400203

Wann, D. L., & Branscombe, N. R. (1993). Sports fans: Measuring degree of identification with their team. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 24, 1-17.

Wann, D. L., & Dolan, T. J. (1994).  Spectators’ evaluations of rival and fellow fans.  The Psychological Record, 44(3), 351-358.

Wann, D. L., Fahl, C. L., Erdmann, J. B., & Littleton, J. D. (1999). Relationship between identification with the role of sport fan and trait aggression. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 88, 1296-1298. doi:10.2466/PMS.88.3.1296-1298 PMid: 10485114

Wann, D. L., & Grieve, F. G. (2005).  Biased evaluations of in-group and out-group spectator behavior at sporting events: The importance of team identification and threats to social identity.  Journal of Social Psychology, 145(5), 531-545. doi: 10.3200/SOCP.145.5.531-546

Wann, D. L., Havard, C. T., Grieve, F. G., Lanter, J. R., Partridge, J. A., & Zapalac, R. K. (2016). Investigating sport rivals: Number, evaluations, and relationship with team identification. Journal of Fandom Studies, 4, 17-88.

Wann, D. L., Haynes, G., McLean, B., & Pullen, P. (2003).  Sport team identification and willingness to consider anonymous acts of hostile aggression.  Aggressive Behavior, 29, 406-413. doi: 10.1002/ab.10046

Wann, D.L., Koch, K., Knoth, T., Fox, D., Aljubaily H., & Lantz, C. D. (2006). The impact of team identification on biased predictions of player performance. The Psychological Record, 56, 55-66.

Wann, D. L., Melnick, M. J., Russell, G. W., & Pease, D. G. (2001). Sport fans: The psychology and social impact of spectators. New York, NY: Routledge.

Wann, D. L., Peterson, R. R., Cothran, C., & Dykes, M. (1999).  Sport fan aggression and anonymity: The importance of team identification.  Social Behavior and Personality, 27(6), 567-602. doi: 10.2224/sbp.1999.27.6.597

Wann, D. L., & Thomas, D. J. (1994). Attributions of highly identified sports spectators. The Journal of Social Psychology, 134, 783-792. doi:10.1080/00224545.1994.9923013

Wann, D. L., & Waddill, P. J. (2013). Predicting sport fans’ willingness to consider anonymous acts of aggression: Importance of team identification and fan dysfunction. In C. Mohiyeddini (ed.) Contemporary topics and trends in the psychology of sports. Hauppauge, NY: Nova.

Zajonc, R. B. (1965). Social facilitation. Science, 149, 269-274.

Zillman, D., Bryant, J., & Sapolsky (1989).  Enjoyment from sports spectatorship.  In J. Goldstein (ed.), Sports, games, and play: Social and psychological viewpoints (2nd ed.) (pp. 241-278).  Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers.

Zillman, D., & Cantor, J. R. (1976).  A disposition theory of humor and mirth.  In T. Chapman & H. Foot (eds.), Humor and laughter; Theory, research, and application (pp. 93-115).  London: Wiley.